In this post I will talk about the use of unsigned (integral) types in C++, or perhaps more specifically the rationale for using them. In my experience, it is common to use unsigned types for any variable holding a value that cannot be negative. Say, the number of bytes in a buffer.
This post is a result of looking into a slow-start performance issue in uTP. Slow-start is a mechanism in TCP employed to discover the capacity of a link, before transitioning into the steady state regime of additive increase and multiplicative decrease. Slow start is employed on new connections and after time-outs (where the congestion window . . .
The main mechanism libtorrent uses to report events and errors to the client is via alerts. Alerts are messages as c++ objects with additional information depending on the type of message. Periodically clients poll for new alerts from a session object. In the next major release of libtorrent detailed peer logging will be available as . . .
I have recently revisited the bdecoder in libtorrent, and ended up implementing a new bdecoder that is two orders of magnitude faster than the original (naive) parser. This is the 3rd decoder in libtorrent’s history, and I would like to cover its evolution of parsing bencoded data.
One of the main bottlenecks when downloading and seeding content over bittorrent is accessing the disk. This post explores the option to bypass traditional filesystems and use a block device as storage for torrents, in order to improve download performance. bittorrent protocol BitTorrent downloads conceptually divide up content into pieces, which are downloaded in rarest-first order. . . .
I’ve been working on performance improvements of the DHT recently that I would like to cover in this post. NICE routing table One of the proposed improvements from the sub-seconds lookups paper is referred to as NICE. It proposes replacing the method of maintaining the routing table buckets (see kademlia paper) with directly pinging the nodes, the most . . .
Many aspects of bittorrent requires maintaining an estimate of some kinds of samples. uTP keeps a running estimate of round-trip times for each connection. When streaming torrents, it is useful to keep an estimate of download time per piece (to know what a reasonable timeout is). This post takes a closer look at how to . . .
When optimizing memory access, and memory cache misses in particular, there are surprisingly few tools to help you. valgrind’s cachegrind tool is the closest one I’ve found. It gives you a lot of information on cache misses, but not necessarily in the form you need it. About a week ago I started looking into lowering . . .