In bittorrent it is important to keep the swarm as evenly connected as possible. Clustering of peers may create bottlenecks for piece distribution and create a skewed market for trading pieces. Keep in mind that local piece availability is used as an approximation for global piece availability in the rarest-first piece picking algorithm. This post is relevant for most peer-to-peer systems, where having well connect
One of the vulnerabilities of typical DHTs, in particular the bittorrent DHT, is the fact that participants can choose their own node ID.
This enables an attacker to deliberately place themselves at a locaton in the DHT where they know they will be responsible for storing some specific data. At that point, there are a few naughty things that can be done, for example:
lie and say the data doesn’t exists wh
This article is an attempt to sum up a small number of generic rules that appear to be useful rules of thumb when creating high performing programs. It is structured by first establishing some fundamental causes of performance hits and their extensions.
A significant source of performance degradation on modern computers is the latency of SDRAM. While the CPU is waiting for a read from memory to come
Since 2010, I’ve been working, on and off, on a branch off of libtorrent which use
asynchronous disk I/O, instead of the synchronous disk calls in the disk thread
in 0.16.x versions.
The aio branch has several performance improvements apart from allowing multiple
disk operations outstanding at any given time. For instance:
1. the disk cache allows multiple threads accessing it (cache hits are served
A long standing problem with bittorrent clients on windows is that if you’re seeding large files or downloading large files, windows may decide to essentially use all your physical RAM for disk cache. The disk cache grows to the point where running processes start having their working set swapped out, significantly slowing down the system as a whole. Both uTorrent and libtorrent based clients have this proble
Running bittorrent over SSL could make sense for several applications. Anything you want distributed to a closed group, but large enough to warrant bittorrent would do well being distributed over bittorrent/SSL. Currently closed group distributions either don’t use any peer-to-peer distribution at all, or they use poor-man’s privacy/security. I’m referring to the “private” flag of torr
There are two main architectures of peer-to-peer networks. There’s the peer-centric (limewire style) and content-centric (bittorrent style). In a peer-centric network each participant announces its existence to the network, and other peers looking for content go around asking peers if they have the content. This makes the peer-centric networks scale well with pieces of content. There’s (essentially) no
In an attempt to save memory copying, libtorrent attempts to receive payload bytes directly into page aligned, pool allocated disk buffers. These buffers can then be used to DMA directly to disk (either with blocking O_DIRECT files or via AIO operations, if run on a clever kernel).
To do this for the bittorrent protocol, the network loop needs to read 5 bytes (4 bytes length-prefix and 1 byte message code), if the
Deciding how many outstanding requests to keep to peers typically is based on the bandwidth delay product, or a simplified model thereof.
The bandwidth delay product is the bandwidth capacity of a link multiplied by the latency of the link. It represents the number of bytes that fit in the wire and buffers along the path. In order to fully utilize a link, one needs to keep at least the bandwidth delay product worth
timing out requests, and requesting blocks from other peers, may seem like a straight forward and trivial problem. However, there’s a balance to be struck between timing out a block too early, causing certain situation to systematically request every block multiple times, or never timing blocks out causing partially downloaded pieces to linger for a very long time, preventing uploading those.